Radar Detection Stations & Complexes
( () )
( )
( )


 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
      Designation Year of creation

Purpose, notes

developer  
    ""   1942  
( "")
 
  -2     1939
-9
 
  -3   DUMBO 1939
-9
 
  -1 ""   1939 In 1938 the Soviet technical designers could hand over the first Radar ready for application of the type RUS-1 "Reven". It worked
after the principle of the CW radiation. Up to 1940 45 sets were
handed over of it to the troops of the air defense
 
  -2 "-40"   1939 -
1940

In 1938 the first Soviet Pulsed Radar station was tested. In the end of 1939 the development and the test the RUS-2 were concluded. With It aircraft could be located up to 120 kms with a aximum height up to 7 kms.
"Redoubt" = mobile station


( "")
 
  -2 / -2 ""   1941 -
1942
"Pegmatit" = stationary version
( "")
 
  -2     1941 -
1942
 
( "")
 
  -3     1944 -
1945

( "")
 
  -3     1946 - 1947    
  -5
"-2"
CROSS FORKS  

The British Light Warning Radar was the first 2x2 Yagi surveillance radar; it led to the P-8, P-10 and ultimately the P-12/18.

US Reporting name in the 1950s was CROSS FORK. Other designations should be Most-2 and ORL-4

 
 
  -8

( "")
KNIFE REST-A 1948 - 1950

EW - A(VHF)

This system had a range of only 75km and was a 75kW system.

 -75
  -10  xxxx

( "")
KNIFE REST-B
KNIFE REST-C
1951 - 1953 EW - A(VHF)  
114 -12 ""
-197
SPOON REST 1954 - 1956

EW TaAc- A(VHF)

Used with the SA-2 system in cocert with the Fan Song FCS.

The P-12 was a 314Kw A band/VHF system with a range of 275km and an altitude ceiling of 32km

2x6 Yagi array

  -75

(two-axled trailer)
  -12 "" (?)
-197 (?)
SPOON REST-B 1958    

-157
  -12A ""        
  -12 "" (?)
-197 (?)
SPOON REST-C 1959 - 1962    
(-375)
1131 -18 ""
-197 (?)
SPOON REST-D 19.. -
1971

more powerful variant of the Spoon Rest radar system

2x8 Yagi array

 

(-375A)
  -18-2      

Metric-Wave 2D Radar

Designed to detect, identify and track air targets, including stelth threats, at long ranges and transmit their range, azimuth and elevation data to indicators and other radar-interfaced devices.

 

113 -18 "-" BOX SPRING       

KamAZ-4310
113-3     BOX SPRING   

Mobile Metric-Wave 2D Radar

Employed to monitor air space and integrated in a system used to ensure air traffic control of military and civilian targets. It may also be used in an automated air defense or air force control system, or may be employed independently (e.g., as part of a rapid deployment force)

   
584 -14  "" (?)
"" (?)
TALL KING  

EW - A

.

 -200  
584
-14 "" TALL KING   . 584    
584
  "-14" ,  

Mobile Metric-Wave 2D Radar

Designed to detect, identify and track air targets, including stelth threats, at long ranges and transmit range and azimuth data to indicators and other radar- interfaced devices.

   
1113 -14    TALL KING   .  
446 -14   TALL KING   .    
1116
585
     

low altitude air surveillance radar

 
 
366   ""      
 
113 -15 ""
-244
( "")

FLAT FACE-A

1952 - 1955 TaAc - C(UHF) -125

OCA-AKM

(-157 shelter)
  -15 "" (?)
-244
( "")
SQUAT EYE 1959

TaAc - C(UHF)

Antenna mounted on a 20-30m mast to improve low altitude coverage.

 
  -15 "" (?)   1970      
  -15 "" (?)
  1962      
1134 -19 ""
-244
( "")
FLAT FACE-B 19.. - 1
974
. -15  

(-131 Flatbed)
516   "-2" FLAT FACE-E   New generation FlatFace on -4310  

(2 x -4310)
396   "-2-2" FLAT FACE-x  

Export "-21"  

More or less the same radar but with a new antenna instead of the old Flat Face

 

(-4310)
    "-2-2"    

EW TaAc

Mobile early warning and target acquisition automated solid-state radar.

Pechora-2  
  -20 ""
-244
( "")
 TOKEN 1949 - 1956 First Soviet
microwave EW radar.
Entered service around 1949 
 
  -30 ""
""
-37 (?)
 BIG MESH 1949 - 1956 Russian designation P-30 Khrustal. Entered service 1955
. -20
 
  -30 ""
. N37
  BIG BAR 1958 - 1959 Russian designation probably P-30M.
BAR LOCK type
reflectors with one prominent horizontal beam.
Entered service 1959
 
  -35 "" (?)
""
. N37 (?)
BAR LOCK-A 1958

 EG GCI - E/F

Four beams from the lower antenna and two from the upper. Fixed vertical polarization in all beams

 
  -35 "" (?)
. N588
 ? 1961

EG GCI - E/F

differed from the basic P-35 in the design of the antennas that allowed for greater and faster mechanical movement of the antennas in elevation

   
1139 -37   BAR LOCK-B  

Surv
EG GCI - E/F

The most used surveillance radar used on civilian and military Russian airports. The company is proposing an upgrade including Western SSR/IFF rather than the old 600 MHz soviet system.

The four simple waveguide fed horns of the P-35 are replaced by three feeds equipped with polarization switching equipment thus reducing the total number of beams to five.

 
  -37 (?)   BAR LOCK-C        
1117        

3D -37(35)

Modernised version of the P-37 being sold for Air Traffic Control purposes.

Interestingly it has reverted to the P-20 Token V-beam height finding method and hence the back aerial is tilted at 45 degrees.

 
1118        

2D -37(35)
Modernised versions of the P-37 being sold for Air Traffic Control purposes.

 
  -80 ""
""

BACK NET

1962 - 1967 2 waveguides feeding the left antenna  
  -80 "" (?)
""
BACK NET  1962 - 1967    
587 -66 "-66",
""
BACK NET
BACK TRAP (?)   
 

. -80

small auxilliary antennas on top of the reflectors

 

 
  -90

""

1961

""

P-90 "Pamir" was a long range, stationary radar intended for use with the cancelled "Dal" SAM system. It was developed by NII-244, now named VNIIRT "Skala".

After the cancellation of Dal, the P-90 radar went into service as an EW radar"

""

559 -68
""
  TIN SHIELD 1980

3D Surv

Mobile radar system optimised for the detection of low-flying aircraft and cruise missiles employing ECMs; maximum range of some 350 km

 
196 -68   TIN SHIELD  

-

3D Surv

Marketed by the Ukrainian Iskra company.

 

 
366 -68   TIN SHIELD  

Surv TaAc

Supplemented by the 76N6 low-level acquisition radar; marketed by the Ukrainian Iskra company

-300
& -1

566
766

406 mast

  "" ??

CLAM SHELL
()

 

S&TaAc / I
Low-altitude

FMCW

Specifically designed to detect and track approaching and receding low-RCS targets, particularly cruise missiles.

-300
& -1

 

588   ""
""
  1977  
676   "-"
 ( "")
   

3D / L
Long Range
PhAr

Designed for use as part of automated and non-automated air defense and air force control systems. The radar can also be used for air traffic control.

 
966   "-1"     Mobile phased array radar designed for use in automated air defense and air force control systems, in various non-automated systems, as well as by the rapid deployment forces. This radar can be used to furnish information to automated control points and to civil aviation traffic controllers.  
 
556     TALL RACK   It can operate both as a part of automated control systems and standalone. The system includes a phased array antenna attached to a mast and measuring 1 6x3.24 meters. The deployment time is 22 hours. The 55Zh6 can detect targets at distances of up to 500 kilometers and at elevation angles of up to 16 in any azimuth angles. The detection ceiling of fighter class targets is 40 kilometers and the typical detection range at an altitude of 10 kilometers is about 300 kilometers. The system measures target coordinates with an accuracy of 500 meters in range, 24 in azimuth, and 850 meters in altitude. It provides refreshed data every 10 seconds.  
 
556-1     TALL RACK      
 
556   "-E" TALL RACK    Modified antenna.  
 
569     BIG BACK   The Big Back radar is designed by the NNIIRT institute in Nizhniy Novgorod and is designated 5N69. This L-band radar has a range of about 500 km and is said to have been replaced P-14 "Tall King" during the 80s.  
596-   "-"     Protivnik-G appears to have been selected by the Russian Air Force as the next long range 3D surveillance radar. Production is said to have started and it has been used
during air defence exercises
 
 
    ""   1934 ..
 
    ""   1940 - 1941
-9
 
    ""   1939 .
 
-9
 
    ""     .
 
-9
 
    ""   1938
 
    "-3"        
 
    "-4"        
 
    ""   1941 .
.

( "")
 
    ""   1943 - 1944   - (?)
. .
..
 
    ""   1936
,
 
-9 .
..  
 
    "-2"     -244
( "")
 
    ""   1944 - 1945

( "")
 
    "-1"     -678
. .
 
    ""   1941  
 
    ""   1936
.
..
 
  "-35"     1970 - 1971 . -35  
 
             
 
  • 166
  • 1220 -
  • 534
  • 562
  • 563
  • "-"
  • 113
  • 135
  • 139
  • 1218
  • 1245

 

 


Battlefield Surveillance Radars
(xxx)
( )

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
-1     LONG TROUGH  

Stantsiya Nazemnoy Artilleriyskoy Razvedki = Artillery location radar

   
-2     PORK TROUGH  

AT-LM based artillery reconnaissance radar 

 
-6     PORK TROUGH 2  

 

 
 
-10 1232   BIG FRED  

 

 
 
-10 1232-1   BIG FRED  

SNAR-10M (or 1RL-232-1) is simply an improved version of the SNAR-10 (1RL-232), and was introduced in 1982. AFAIK, it still has the same 1RL-127 radar (BIG FRED) of the basic model.

 
 
-15        

The SNAR-15 possibly be an follow up version of the old SNAR-10 Big Fred system,equipped
an with CREDO-1E battlefield surveillance radar.

   
-1     TRACK DISH  

"Artilleriyskaya Radiolokatsionnaya Stantsiya Obnaruzheniya Minometov" = Mortar location radar

Artillery surveillance radar based on AT-T tractor

 
 
-2     SMALL YAWN  

ARSOM-2 is a mortar locating radar that operates on the I-band. The system is based on the artillery tractor AT-LM and entered service in 1959. SMALL YAWN has a range of 12 km.

I don't know if there's a difference between the ARSOM-2 and the ARSOM-2P

 
-2     SMALL YAWN  

 
 

 


Ground Artillery Reconnaissance Radars
(xxx)

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
1220     ZOOPARK  

Radar Reconnaissance & Fire Control System

Provides for:

The coordinate-finding reconnaissance of enemy artillery and multiplre rocket launcher systems (MLRS) fire positions (FP) as well as launch positions (LP) of tactical missiles and generation of the target designation to friendly fire means to deliver a hit;

Surveillance of impacts and adjustment of the friendly fire mecanism

 
 
1219     ZOOPARK-1  

Radar Reconnaissance & Fire Control System

1L259 radar

High-technology Russian system features air traffic control capability, GPS, high-mobility tracked chassis, and operation form a prime-propulsion-driven generator.

 
 
1239 -1 "" RISE BAG   Ground artillery reconnaissance and fire support radar complex  
 

 


Surveillance & Target Acquisition Radars/Stations
( )
( )
( )

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

...

 

 

 

""

 

 

 

...

 

 

 

""

 

 

 

...

 

 

 

"-1"

 
112
-40 "" LONG TRACK  

All-round looking 2D air-search radar set for the Krug air defense missile system

with -9A 

PL: AGATA

 

1128
112

-40

 

LONG TRACK

 

-208
(),
. -40 

All-round looking radar set for the Krug air defense missile system

with -9 on -375 (-255)

""

132

 

 

PAT HAT

 

 

""

1C91

 

 

STRAIGHT FLUSH

 

 

""

915

 

""

BILL BOARD

 

Surv

-300

915M

 

"-3"

BILL BOARD

 

     

9C18

 

""

TUBE ARM

 

Target-acquisition radar

""

9C18M1

 

""

SNOW DRIFT

 

Target-acquisition radar for Buk-M1 and higher versions, replacing the 9S18M Kupol(Tube Arm).

The radar has the ability automatically identify and prioritize targets, designating the most dangerous one for the 9S35-1 radar on the launcher.

""

919

 

""

HIGH SCREEN

 

High-power sector-scan radar has the primary function of providing TBM detection and tracking for a S-300V battalion

.
-300

919M2

 

""

HIGH SCREEN

 

     

936

 

 

CHAIR BACK

 

fire control radar of the Buk-M2 system (SA-17 GRIZZLY).

""

564
564C
(early?)

646
646E
646E2

83M6/M6E

 

 

BIG BIRD

 

 

TaAc
PhAr

Two-sided system (front & back plate/ radiation tube on top).

Trailer based. Early 5N64 had PhAr antenna on separade "stand". Late 64N6 on cabin top

54K6 is the operators' cabin of the group command post, used to control up to six fire units. The 54K6E is connected to the long range 64N6E (Big Bird) target acquisition radar.


-300
(64H6)

-300-1
(64H6E)

-300-2
(64H6E2)


MAZ-543M

966

 

 

 

 

TaAc
PhAr

All-altitude phased-array target designation radar. Developed by the Lira design bureau and in production with the Lianozovo electromechanical plant.


-300-2


MAZ-7930

 


Fire Control Radars/Stations
(xxx)

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with

562

 

 

SQUARE PAIR

 

 

-200

-75

 

 

FAN SONG A

 

Fire Control & Tracking Radar,
up to 6 targets

Trailer-mounted with tilting superstructure


-75

 

 

 

FAN SONG B

 

 

 

 

FAN SONG C

 

 

 

 

FAN SONG E

 

 

 

 

 

FAN SONG F

 

 

932

 

 

GRILL PAN

 

H-band
fire-control radar


-300

935

 

  FIRE DOME        
306 (?)     FLAP LID A   Mast mounted variant originally fielded with early S-300P. FCR


-300
306
306E
    FLAP LID B
 

IGR ()
PhAr PuDop/I

Allows simultaneous engagements against up to six targets, with two missiles being allocated to each target.

FCR


-300
&
-3001

(-7910)


306E1
306E2

3685 ?

    TOMBSTONE  

IGR ()

imrpoved FLAT LID B

(FLAT LID has flat antenna top and 2 IFF antennas below the main antenna array, TOMBSTONE has triangular top and 4 IFF antennas)

FCR


-3001
&
-3002


?

    GRAVESTONE  

imrpoved TOMBSTONE ???

FCR


-400

 


Radio Height Finders
( )

idth="110" height="70" valign="middle" class="Title_Small_BLUE">
 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
  -9 "-2" THIN SKIN-A 1958 - 1960

-588  

 

(trailer mounted)
  -9 "-2" THIN SKIN-B 1960 - 1962

-588
-208

 



-214]155
-255B

  -16 ""   196.. - 1970

(?)

. -9
horn antena aboard main antena

 
(trailer mounted)
  -16 ""   196.. - 1970

(?)

. -9
horn antena aboard main antena

 
  -10 ""   1956 . N588 "-2"  
  -10 ""   1957 . N588    
  -11 "" SIDE NET 1953 - 1961

-244
. N588
( "")

Hight finder radar with a 180 km range and 32.000 m altitude. 

-75
-125
-200
  -13   ODD PAIR  

(?)

. -11

Modified PRV-11

 


-125
 1141 -17   ODD GROUP  

Similar to PRV-13 in apperance, but has the secondary antenna on the left [seen from the front].

 

 


AAA Fire Control Radars
( )

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
  -1            
  -2   FIRE SHIELD   russian code given to the British Gun Laying Mk II    
  -2     1942 code used for the russian-built versions  
  -3   FIRE WHEEL   SCR-584 FIRE WHEEL is called SON-30 and is used with the 130 mm KS-30 gun  
  -4   WHIFF  

SCR-584 copy

Used as a FC radar in units, equiped with AD guns KS-12, KS-19 and S-60.

The radar has a range of 40 km and works together with search radars such as the P-10 (KNIFE REST B/C) or P-15 (FLAT FACE A). In most units the SON-4 has been replaced by the SON-9 (FIRE CAN) a long time ago.

Dish is placed on the back of the roof

wheel arches running the full width of the caravan near the rear of the caravan

 

 
  -5            
  -6            
  -7            
  -8   FIRE DISH        
  -9   FIRE CAN  

It is called the AN/MPS-9. The predecessor to this system was the SCR-584 which was given to the Russians during the Lend Lease agreement

different dishes: 5,7,10 spokes & solid. Dish is placed on the front of the roof

cut-out type wheel arches right at the rear of the caravan

 

 
-1 -50 FLAP WHEEL  

The system is called RPK-1 and the radar itself is 1RL35
PL: Zygmunt
RO: Lok-A

Fire Control Radar associated with the S-60 System.


Thierry Lachapelle

 

 

 


Electronic Warfare Systems
( )

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
  -2   HEART ACHE  

High-Power noise jammer for SL, WC and LAF (low altitude flying) radars
SPN-2 in 2cm band

 

-4320 (-4310)
  -4   HEART ACHE   High-Power noise jammer for SL, WC and LAF (low altitude flying) radars
SPN-2 in 3cm band
 

-4310
  -30   PAINT BOX      
  -40   BIG CAP A      
        Passive early warning system. The system is not really a radar, but an ESM system comprising three or four receivers, deployed tens of kilometres apart, which detect and track aircraft by triangulation and/or multilateration of their RF emissions.  
    -1     Designed for jamming the AN/APY-1(2) radar, the primary component of the airborne warning and control system (AWACS)    
          1L234 Topol is a jammer against the E-2C Hawkeye radar    
  -1       Proximity Fuse Jammer  

GT-MU based
  -2       Proximity Fuse Jammer: Protects troops and equipment from massive artillery fire with munitions equipped with radio fuzes by causing their premature detonation at safe heights or their disabling  

BTR-70 based
               
         

 

 
 
         

 

 
 
             
 

 

 


Meteorological Radars
(xxx)

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with

-1

""

BREAD BIN

 

 

 

END TRAY

 

 

  LEG DRIVE        
               

 

 


Electronic Intelligence Systems
( )

 
.
US/NATO
designation
service
details 
used with
      BAR BRICK        
856

856-
(system)
 

(system)
    Designed for the detection, coordinate determination, identification, classification and trajectory tracking of ground, sea and air targets by their radio-electronic emissions    
856-             -43101
             
               
         

 

 
 
         

 

 
 
             
 

 


() = illumination and guidance radar (IGR)
() = target acquisition radar (TAR)
() = Radar

() = combat control post (CCP)


 

() = automated battalion command post (ABCP);
() = automated company command posts (ACCP);
() = ELINT
(-2, -4) = jammers (SPN-2, SPN-4)

() = ELINT

automated company command posts (ACCP)

 

"" Kolchuga-M ELINT system