Tudor ArgheziWritten by Artemiza Lovin
Arghezi is by far one the great miracles of post-symbolist Eastern European poetry and one of the major poets of the 20th century, a poet of sensibility, a poet of emotion, soul and inner feelings.
He introduced a vocabulary of intentional ugliness and decay, with the manifest goal of extending the limits of poetic language, so he built upon a tradition of slang and argot usage. Nevertheless, the other half of Arghezi's poetic universe was that of family life, childhood, and small familiar spaces, rendered in minutely detailed poems.
Lucian BlagaWritten by Artemiza Lovin
Lucian Blaga (1895-1961)
Thinker and poet, man of culture and artist, Lucian Blaga has marked Romanian spirituality with his personality for more than five decades including the inter-bellum period.
Although he could speak he did not speak any words until he was four, and he later described his early childhood as under the sign of the incredible absence of word. In the poem Self-Portrait he describes himself as "mute as a swan".
Mihai EminescuWritten by Artemiza Lovin
He was born at Ipotesti in northern Moldavia on Jan. 15, 1850, into a family of country gentry. He spent his first years like a peasant child in the midst of nature and under the influence of folklore.
He lives as a dreamer in his own universe: for him a woman is a sweet wonder, a blue flower, an angel or the soul of a snake, the devil, while the moon is the hearth full of hot coal. What we would call separation he calls it a tired bird trying to catch his half that flew away with another flight of birds. As a conclusion Eminescu wrote: "Life is a dream".
Nikos Kavvadias (1910-1975)Written by Belogia Paraskevi
Nikos Kavvadias was born in 1910 in a small town in Manchuria near Harbin, by Greek parents from Cefallonia. When he was very young, his family returned to Greece.
They lived in Cefallonia for a few years and later from 1921 to 1932 in Pireas, where Nikos Kavvadias finished elementary school and then the Gymnasium. He wrote his first poems as a pupil at the elementary school. In 1929, he started working as a clerk in a shipping office and a few months later he went on board a freighter as a sailor. Over the next few years he continued to travel on the freighters, returning home wretched and penniless, only to take off again shortly after. This went on until he decided to get a diploma as a wireless operator.
Dionysios SolomosWritten by Belogia Paraskevi
Dionysios Solomos (8 April 1798 - 9 February 1857) was a Greek poet from Zakynthos. He is best known for writing the Hymn to Liberty (Greek: Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν, Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían), of which the first two stanzas on music by Nikolaos Mantzaros became the Greek national anthem in 1865. He was the central figure of the Heptanese School of poetry, and is considered the national poet of Greece - not only because he wrote the national anthem, but also because he contributed to the preservation of earlier poetic tradition and highlighted its usefulness to modern literature. Other notable poems include Ο Κρητικός (Τhe Cretan), Ελεύθεροι Πολιορκημένοι (The Free Besieged) and others. A characteristic of his work is that no poem except the Hymn to Liberty was completed, and almost nothing was published during his lifetime.